A turbine governor is used to control the flow of steam into the turbine system to maintain its constant rotational speed irrespective of the varying load. It is important to maintain a constant rotational speed so as to achieve a desired output. Practically speaking, the load varies frequently from the specified economic load causing considerable deviation from expected performance. The primary objective of a governor is to regulate as well as measure the speed of a machine.
Turbine governors are an integral part of the turbine arrangement, mainly used in power generation facility.The governor is basically a control component which provides advanced protection to turbines and ensures their safe operation as well as increased efficiency and productivity. Turbine governors also control the speed of a turbine during the no-load condition or start to allow the unit to be synchronized with the grid. They also ensure the safe operation of a unit by controlling the turbine load while running parallel with the generating/grid set.
At present, steam turbines are used in various driver applications for power generation units and mechanical drives. Generally, steam turbines work successfully across a broad range of speed without failing even when overloaded or while working with varying loads. Turbine governors also protect a machine by shutting it off completely or by reducing the load in abnormal or emergency situations. Turbine governors also assist in meeting the power generation requirements and changing network frequency.
Turbine governors are also an integral part of hydro-electricity generation systems. Here, yet again, turbine governors are used to enhance the productivity and efficiency of the systems. They are used to maintain the frequency of output. They basically regulate the inlet which rotates the turbine to produce electricity. And to obtain the required supply of electricity, the speed of rotation must be kept content. Governor receives information about the current speed of the turbine and maintains the inlet to maintain the speed at the correct level.
Increased demand for electricity owing to industrialization and urbanization is one of the key drivers for theturbine governor market. Increased demand for electricity from end use sectors has led to setting up of power generating facilities. Moreover, steps are being taken to increase the capacity and efficiency of existing facilities. These factors will lead to increased demand for turbine governors in coming years.
However, low replacement rate of turbine governors can act as a restraining factor to the growth of global turbine governor market. Governments are taking initiatives to increase the productivity and efficiency of the existing facilities by replacing old prototypes with new governors as well as adding turbine governors in facilities where they are absent and these steps are creating huge opportunities for the global turbine governor market.Current trends include electronic turbine governors incorporated with sensors to monitor the speed by examining the rotor teeth.
Asia Pacific holds a major share of the global turbine governor market, followed by North America and Europe. Asia Pacific accounts for a significant share due to the substantial growth of electricity consuming sectors in this region. Rapid urbanization and industrialization in many countries across the region, especially China and India, is also expected to boost market growth over the forecast period.
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