Radar uses radio waves which is an object-detection system, to regulate the velocity, angle, and range of objects. It is used to detect ships, guided missiles, weather formations, aircraft, terrain, spacecraft and motor vehicles. A radar system involves a processor and receiver to regulate properties of the object/s, a transmitter that generates electromagnetic waves in the microwaves or radio domain, a receiving antenna, and a transmitting antenna. Radio waves from the transmitter redirects the object after which returns to the receiver by providing information about the object’s speed and location. According to an ongoing study by Transparency Market Research, mounting growth in cross-border contingencies through territorial disputes, pirate attacks, and seas among others, makes the seas very dangerous. The study expects that increasing necessity of mounting such radar systems on all vessels treading the international waters will continue to drive the growth of global shipborne radar market in the upcoming years. For shipborne navigational radar, radio waves are radiated in pulses of electromagnetic energy with radio-frequency band of 3000 – 10,000 MHz.
Launch of World’s most advanced Shipborne Radar: SEA-POL
According to a recent news, the professor of atmospheric science, Rutledge, lead a team of Colorado State University on a 5 week voyage research to test a new weather radar and nearly after 2 years of planning in Greeley, at the National Radar Facility CSU-CHIL, the team set up world’s most advanced shipborne radar.
The radar is known as seafaring polarimetric (SEA-POL) which was built through a $1.3 million grant. The deployment of the ship was sponsored by National Science Foundation and NASA-$300,000. The SEA-POL operation was a larger part of the NASA’s experiment which would help in understanding the outcomes of the rainwater that falls on the surface of the sea. Various aspects of upper-ocean salinity was studied by several scientists and technicians. The goal was to understand as to how the life cycle and evolution of tropical convection balances with climate-type processes.
Mission of Dual Polarization Shipborne Radar
To measure ocean rainfall, the SEA-POL radar uses pulsed microwave energy roughly above 75-mile radius. Dual polarization that can differentiate between rain and ice particles is its signature technology that transmits both vertical and horizontal electromagnetic waves to collect detailed information about clouds and the estimates of rainfall as well. Dual polarization shipborne radar has been used by the pioneer U.S.-based experiment – disposition of SEA-POL. To prepare for departure, the completed radar was undone and dispatched to San Diego from Greeley. According to Rutledge, the construction and processing of the new radar was worthwhile and was more beneficial when went to the sea and collected unprecedented data. Today, in more than 150 ground based radars functioned by the National Weather Service, dual polarization is used and is helpful in modern acute-weather forecasting.
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